Luke 7:1-11

Almost every time Jesus appears in the Gospels he is healing or has healed or is on his way to heal.  In Luke 7:1-11 a foreigner, a gentile, sends Jewish elders to Jesus asking for help for a sick slave. The man  was a Centurion.  A bit of explanation is in order: Roman Military structure: what we call an army they called a Legion


  • Basic unit – Century made up of 80 men commanded by a Centurion
  • 6 Centuries = Cohort
  • 10 Cohorts = 1 Legion – The first Cohort had double Centuries of 160 and thus was an elite unit – The Centurion over this Cohort was the Primus Pilus (first javelin)   highest ranking Centurion – Aside: Some believe that Pontius Pilate, Governor of Judea, who condemned Jesus had  been Primus Pilus thus the nick-name Pilus or Pilate.

Vegetius was an historian from the 5th century, the period of the late Roman Empire, who wrote a book called The Epitome of Military Science. In it, he described the qualities of a centurion in rather glowing terms.  

English: Centurion (Roman army) historical ree...

English: Centurion (Roman army) historical reenactment Boulogne sur mer (France). Français : Centurion (armée Romaine) Reconstitution historique à Boulogne sur Mer en France. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Centurions should be:

  • literate, ideally
  • at least 30 years old,
  • With some years of military service behind them.
  • A centurion is chosen for great strength and tall stature, as a man who hurls spears and javelins skillfully and strongly, has expert knowledge how to fight with the sword and rotate the shield, and has learned the whole art of armature. He is alert, sober, and agile, and more ready to do the things ordered of him than speak, keeps his soldiers in training, makes them practice their arms, and sees that they are well clothed and shod, and that the arms are burnished and bright. (Vegetius, Epitome of Military Science, quoted on Cotter, p. 114)

This Centurion was an impressive man.  He likely worked his way up through the ranks, he may well have been the Primus Pilis as he has control of consideration money.

After Jesus had finished all his sayings in the hearing of the people, he entered Capernaum. Excursus: First century Roman baths excavated on this site point to Roman presence in the 1st Century.  Legions were often stationed in a place for a long time, even centuries.

2 A Centurion there had a slave whom he valued – this choice of words is utilitarian, sort of like saying, “he had this machine he valued for what it could do for him” a better translation would be a slave whom he highly honored, slavery is always bad, and people shouldn’t be “owned.” Unlike US history Roman slavery was not racial but economic.  It was assumed that at some point the slave will be freed and likely go into business sponsored by his former master.  We do not know any more of the relationship than the fact that this Centurion thought highly of this slave who was ill and close to death.

3 When he heard about Jesus, he sent some Jewish elders to him, asking him to come and heal his slave. 4 When they came to Jesus, they appealed to him earnestly, saying, “He is worthy of having you do this for him, 5 for he loves our people, and it is he who built our synagogue for us.”

Thoughtful Romans rather liked a lot about Judaism and particularly appreciated its high morals and ethics. What they did not find attractive at all was circumcision and keeping the dietary kosher laws.  The most common meat in Rome was pork and they as we do like a big pork chop from time to time and as you know Pork was high on the list of kosher no no’s.

We encounter these Gentiles in the Gospels, The Acts and in Paul’s letters.  Since Paul’s understanding of the Gospel was that the resurrection spelled and end to all the very rules that turned off the Gentiles attracted to the high ethical standards and practice of the Jews so they could become Christian rather easily and they did just that.  This very man may well be a brother of ours in heaven.

This military man asked the Elders of the Synagogue he attended to approach Jesus. The Elders were glad to do it because apparently he was a really good guy, and he had paid for the Synagogue building.   They came to Jesus with the request and Jesus agreed and went with them to the Centurion’s house.

6 And Jesus went with them, but when he was not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to say to him, “Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy to have you come under my roof; 7 therefore I did not presume to come to you. But only speak the word, and let my servant be healed. 8 For I also am a man set under authority, with soldiers under me; and I say to one, ‘Go,’ and he goes, and to another, ‘Come,’ and he comes, and to my slave, ‘Do this,’ and the slave does it.”

Centurion Safety

 9 When Jesus heard this he was amazed [amazed: Astonished, his jaw dropped, the language is beyond surprised it is intensified to he just stood there dumbfounded.”]  at him, and turning to the crowd that followed him, he said, “I tell you, not even in Israel have I found such faith.”

Now, just go with me for a minute,  we, if we are not careful, allow our knowledge of the Jesus as the Christ, the second person of the Holy Trinity and allow the equal reality that at the same time he was fully human the son of Mary.

I was reared with an heresy that unwittingly elevated Jesus’ divinity at the expense of his full humanity.  This is my thought.

“I wonder, was this the first time it occurred to Jesus to heal that he could heal at a distance?”

How cool is that?  Jesus is brought up short not by his fellows but by a Gentile of all things, who would have thought it?

That’s why he turned those with him and said, “Well, don’t that beat all, a Gentile has just taught the Son of God something about faith!”

10 When those who had been sent returned to the house, they found the slave in good health [in Greek the word means robust, like nothing had ever happened].

 If you notice, the Centurion never met Jesus in person.

  • He knew that Jews didn’t enter the houses of Gentiles.
  • He in an elegant move kept Jesus from controversy while at the same time believed that Jesus could/would heal his friend.
  • He was powerless to help this man who he held in high regard
  • He was not without power.
  • He used his power: net-worked
  • He was humble – put aside his station and power – and asked for help.

That was them then and there.  What about us here and now?

What about us?

My mentor, Bronson Bryant used to say, “John, we are always prepared for God to do nothing.”

  • Where is the need in your life?
  • Where are you powerless?
  • How are you using the power you do have?
  • When was the last time you really asked God for help?
    • And expected something to happen?
    • And when he did was surprised?

Faith is found in the strangest places.  Unfortunately, Church is often one of the strangest places to find faith. I pray that this will be the place where people meet the Living God with visible consequences.    Amen.   

“The Centurion’s Servant”  – Sir Stanley Spencer 1914


Sir Stanley Spencer

Today I was introduced to one of the greatest British artists of the 20th Century: Sir Stanley Spencer. The City Gallery of York is hosting an exhibition organized by the Tate Liverpool Museum. One of the interesting things to do when traveling, for me at least, is to visit local galleries.

A self portrait of Stanley Spencer (1891-1959)

A self portrait of Stanley Spencer (1891-1959) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Today was a joy. Spencer painted largely religious themes even though they may not have been obviously so. I particularly liked “Saint Francis Talks To The Birds” pictured below. Apparently the idea came to the artist one day when he saw his father feeding the birds in his dressing gown. So here Saint Francis speaks to the birds while wearing carpet slippers and a monk’s robe that looks more than a little like a bath robe.

I particularly like the fact that the ducks and chickens are very attentive, hanging on every word of the Saint. All  living creatures have more in common than humans like to admit. The birds of the air are not in need of redemption as humans are but they do need redemption from our choices.