Soul of the World

The Epistle to Diognetus is an apology for Christianity,  written by an unknown writer to a pagan of high social or political rank.   It probably dates from the 2nd or 3rd century.  In chapters 5 & 6 Christians are described as the soul of the world.


mathetes “Christians are not distinguished from the rest of mankind by either country, speech, or customs; the fact is, they nowhere settle in cities of their own; they use no peculiar language; they cultivate no eccentric mode of life.  certainly, this creed of theirs is no discovery due to some fancy or speculation of inquisitive men; nor do they, as some do, champion a doctrine of human origin.  Yet while they dwell in both Greek and non-Greek cities, as each one’s lot was cast, and conform to the customs of the country in dress, food, and mode of life in general, the whole tenor of their way of living stamps it as worthy of admiration and admittedly extraordinary.  They reside in their respective countries, but only as aliens.  They take part in everything as citizens and put up with everything as foreigners.  Every foreign land is their home and every home a foreign land.  The marry like all others and beget children; but they do not expose their offspring.  Their board they spread for all, but not their bed.  They find themselves in the flesh, but do not live according to the flesh. They spend their days on earth, but hold citizenship in heaven. they obey the established laws, but in their private lives they rise about the laws. 




They love all men, but are persecuted by all. They are unknown, yet are condemned; they are put to death, but it is live that they receive.  They are poor, and enrich many; destitute of everything, they abound in everything.  They are dishonored, and in their dishonor find their glory.  The are calumniated, and are vindicated.  They are reviled, and they bless; they are insulted and render honor.  Doing good, they are penalized as evildoers; when penalized, they rejoice because they are quickened into life.  they Jews make war on them as foreigners; the Greeks persecute them; and those who hate them are at a loss to explain their hatred.

Vasily Perov's painting illustrates clandestin...

Vasily Perov’s painting illustrates clandestine meetings of Christians in pagan Kiev. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In a word: what the soul is in the body, that the Christians are in the world.  The soul is spread through all the members of the body, and the Christians throughout the cities of the world.  The soul dwells in the body, but is not part and parcel of the body; so Christians dwell in the world, but are not part and parcel of the world.  Itself  invisible, the soul is kept shut up in the visible body; so Christians are known as such in the world, but their religion remains invisible.  The flesh, though suffering no wrong from the soul, yet hates and makes war on it, because it is hindered from indulging its passions; so, too, the world, though suffering no wrong from Christians, hates them because they oppose its members; so, too, Christians love those that hate them.  The soul is locked up in the body, yet is the very thing that holds the body together; so, too, Christians are shut up in the world as in a prison, yet it is precisely they that hold the world together. 


Immortal, the soul is lodged in mortal tenement; so, too, Christians, though residing as strangers among corruptible things, look forward to the incorruptibility that awaits them in heaven.  The soul, when stinting itself in food and drink, fares the better for it; so, too, Christians, when penalized, show a daily increase in numbers on that account.  Such is the important post to which God has assigned, and they are not at liberty to desert it.”


Mild Embarrasment …

Coptic Kristallnacht

I almost never engage in politics in the pulpit as that is not why I walk up into that holy furniture.  However, I am increasingly annoyed by the attitude of many American Christians in the never-ending culture wars that pass for a civic life in this country.  What has annoyed me?

It is very irritating to hear the talking heads of the Christian press as well as people I encounter  decry the “persecution” Christians are enduing in this country.Whenever I hear this sentiment, I remember the words of an anonymous Christian who said, “the most American Christians have suffered for the sake of the Gospel is MILD embarrassment!   This is absolutely true and to think otherwise is inflated and silly.  What set me off?  The images of Egyptian Coptic Christians attacked in the streets of Cairo while churches and homes of the faithful   burn in the background!

Muslim violence against Christians

Coptic Symbol @ Philae

Coptic Symbol @ Philae (Photo credit: kudumomo)

The Christians of Egypt are the largest community in the Middle East amounting to about 10% of the population of Egypt.  They have lived and  labored under the yoke of Islam since the late sixth or early seventh century.  Historically they are the descendents of the most ancient Egyptians and their language, Coptic, is ancient Egyptian written in Greek letters.  As is the case with the conquered the Copts occupy the lowest levels of society and account for the vast majority of sanitation workers.

Yet even in the face of periodic persecution and general prejudice they continue steadfastly in the faith of Jesus Christ. Under the leadership of the late Pope Shenouda III the church prospered.

Pope Shenouda III - 117th Patriarch from Saint Mark the Evangelist

Pope Shenouda III – 117th Patriarch from Saint Mark the Evangelist

For forty years as the 117 successor of Saint Mark the Evangelist he labored founding churches (one in Memphis), defending and proclaiming the Good News of God in Christ. He died last year beloved by his people and respected by the Muslim leadership.

Let us pray for these brothers and sisters who face real persecution rather than claiming self-indulgent notions of faux persecution for ourselves.  Yes, the American culture in increasingly hostile to us. But my best guess is that this hostility is because we are not Christian enough rather than persecution for our faith.

Pray for the peace of Jerusalem and Egypt.  JWS