Bishop of Lindesfarne 687ADDay!
Today’s Gospel is about judgment. People have a hard time dealing with judgment, at least people have a hard time being on the “judged” end of judgment.
Paul Ricoeur in his book, The Symbolism of Evil, explores the cluster of experiences that make up the experience of sin and judgment. They are: DEFILEMENT, ANXIETY, SHAME AND GUILT.
Something happens and we feel violated, dirty, angry AND we have done nothing wrong. It is the feeling when you realize that your house has been burgled. You enter the house and what had been home is suddenly alien and you feel like you need to take a shower.
In the Peanuts comic strip, Snoopy, the beagle, used to kiss Lucy on the mouth, just so he could see her spit and yell about “dog germs.” I had a similar experience with my sister when she was little. One day the family dog kissed her on the mouth. She got hysterical over the “dog germs” and could not be pacified until I gave her a slug of Listerine which tasted so bad that she just knew that the germs were dead. In reality a dog’s mouth has less germs than a human one, but she “felt” defiled.
- ANXIETY – EXISTENTIAL:
One day when I was a young child, mother was going to the barn to milk the cows. The milk bucket was face down on the well curb where it had been left to drain. When she picked the bucket up a copper-head snake was coiled under it. To this day I remember instant anxiety that produced. It is no accident that the symbol of evil is not an elephant.
Existential anxiety is the realization that, “We won’t always be here!” The day finally comes when the truth occurs to us that not only do other people die, but so will we. Much of this anxiety is unconscious and becomes “bound.” Or in other words the society is deeply anxious and looking for a quick fix that usually promotes anxiety rather than cures it.
Feeling of being “bad” – painful feelings of having lost the respect or regard of another person. This may or may not be the result of behavior. It is inner directed. It feels like a stain on ones sense of self. Often shame is given as much as it is earned.
These are the rules. If you keep the rules you are ok, if you break the rules then you are a bad person and must be punished. We often resist that being true so that we do not have to feel the pain. But all of us have done things years ago that trouble us even today.
- Defilement – Anxiety – Shame – Guilt = sin, alienation from God, ourselves
and each other. Nothing WE can do will fix what is wrong. — All of which leads to JUDGMENT.
It is very hard for people to hear the bad news of judgment, even if it is true. It is human nature to believe the worst about others and to deny our own brokeness and sin. One of the consequences of sin is that rather than being in God’s image, many of us have made God in OUR own image.
Our image of God is as if he was an old man at the top of a very long ladder waiting for us to get near the top, make a mistake/sin/break the rules so that he can hit our fingers with a hammer so that we lose our grip on the rung and drop like a rock into hell.
When I was in my early years of college there was a Dean at my university that would go over the senior’s records with an eye for graduation requirements that had been left undone. He never let on about the deficit until they were standing in the graduation line, in cap and gown. Then he came along, pulling people from the line, telling them that they would not graduate that day. He enjoyed it.
We can only hear judgment from someone who loves us! Only then can it become insight. Because of the love, our defensiveness is overcome, and we hear the truth. When we are loved we have the courage to peep through our fingers and admit, “Yes that is true.”
This is “being brought up short”– the moment when we have the insight that things are not as they should be or could be. Then we are left with a choice, what are we going to do? Which leads us to the good news of judgment, namely, grace and forgiveness!
- JUDGMENT, GRACE AND FORGIVENESS:
The good news is that there is grace available to us for new life. We do not have that new life because we do not ask for it. The question then is, “do we trust Jesus or not?” In the Gospel reading for today, Jesus grieves over Jerusalem, “How often have I desired to gather your children together as a hen gather her brood under her wings, and you were not willing!”
Robert Farrar Capon says this about judgment.
“If he (Jesus) has already done it all for me already, why shouldn’t I live as if I trusted him?” If he has already reconciled both my wayward self and my equally difficult brother in law, or children or wife/husband – why shouldn’t I at least try to act as if I trust him to have done just that and to let his reconciliation govern my actions in those relationships.”
When we die we lose whatever grip we had on our unreconciled versions of our lives – And when we rise on the last day, the only grip in which our lives will be held will be the reconciling grip of Jesus’ resurrection – He will hold our lives mended, cleaned and pressed in his hand, and he will show home to his Father. Sin is not something the human race has any choice about. None of us will ever avoid that trust in ourselves and that distrust of anyone else that lies at the root of the world’s problems.”
“It’s about progress rather than perfection.”Big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous
Lent is about judgment/insight/being open to grace. The new life begins and continues – begins and continues over and over.
Frederick Buechner says this about judgment. “We are all of us judged every day. We are judged by the face that looks back at us the bathroom mirror. We are judged by the faces of the people we love and by the faces and lives of our children and by our dreams. Each day finds us at the junction of many roads, and we are judged as much by the roads we have not taken as by the roads we have. The New Testament proclaims that at some unforeseeable time in the future God will ring down the final curtain on history, and there will come a Day on which all our days and all the judgments upon each other will themselves be judged. The judge will be Christ. In other words, the one who judges us most finally will be the one who loves us most fully.
God is not our enemy! He is trustworthy and merciful. As the reading from Exodus? for today says, “Abram believed the Lord, and the Lord reckoned it to him as righteousness.” He wants more for us than we can ever want for ourselves. “The one who will judges us finally will be the one who loves us most fully.” That is good news indeed.
“The church began as a movement in Jerusalem. It became a philosophy in Greece, an institution in Rome, a culture in Europe and, when it came to America, it became a business… a highly profitable business. But God is coming back for a movement. (author debated).
The Old Testament and New Testament are mirrors reflecting the other. Early Christians found in the Old Testament figures that pre-figure the new revelation in Jesus. • Adam is the first man who blew it and Jesus was the Second Adam who regained what the 1st Adam lost. = number with meaning
TEMPTATION ONE : Cyril of Alexandria – Adam fell because he ate food not his to eat and Jesus overcame because he depended on God to provide his needs. He fed others by his power but not himself. Deut. 8:3
TEMPTATION TWO: Cyril of Alexandria – The devil has taken the world by fraud. Christ restores the world back to proper authority through his obedient suffering. Deut 6:13 The OT story where the early church found parallels to Jesus temptation was the story of Esau and his birthright.
TEMPTATION THREE: Devil now uses Scripture. He gave his angels charge …Psalm 91:12
Origen, the student and successor of Cyril at Alexandria – Homilies on the Gospel of Luke ‘The evil one says, “He gave his angels a command concerning you that they should raise you up in their hands, lest perhaps you strike you foot against a stone.’ See how crafty he is, even in the texts he quotes. For he wishes to diminish the Savior’s glory, as if the Savior needed the help of angels. It is as if he would strike his foot unless he were supported by their hands. The devil takes this verse from Scripture and applies it to Christ. Yet it is written not of Christ but of the saints in general. Freely and in confidence I contradict the devil. This passage cannot be applied to the person of the Christ, for Christ does not need the help of angels. He is greater than the angels and obtained a better name than they by inheritance. ‘God never said to any of the angels, ‘You are my Son; today I have begotten you.’”
Austin Farrar, an Anglican priest writes, “Temptation is what distracts us, beguiles us or bullies us off the path! Temptation is what makes real life different from the world of our dreams. We dream a world which is wax under the molding of our ambitions or of our aspirations; we meet a world which faces us with trials we have not the character to surmount, and with seductions we have the virtue to resist.”
That is true because of the First Adam BUT there came a Second Adam: Jesus…
Today a government agency pointed to concrete examples of coming climate change. What will be the temperature changes in the next sixty years? One caught my attention. Philadelphia PA will have the same climate patterns by then as Memphis, TN has in 2019. Interesting. What will be the patterns then in Memphis? Perhaps Central America?
“A person, whether human or divine, cannot be known — as a person rather than an image except by immediate presence. If we want to project an image, either of Christians or the Church, we can do that by means of television, magazines, books, billboards, movies, bumper stickers, buttons, records, and posters. If we want people to know Christ, we must be there face-to-face, bearing Christ within us.”
– Virginia Owens – “The Total Image or Selling Jesus in the Modern Age”
“Humor is the universal solvent of the abrasive elements of life.”
Former Senator Alan Simpson speaking of President Bush “41”
“Love protects us from nothing, even as it inexplicably sustains us in all things.”
Saint John of the Cross
Bishop of Shanghai, 1906
Every October 15th, my mind turns to this odd little man, a Polish Jew, converted to Christianity, becoming in due season, the Anglican Bishop of Shanghai. The years of life spent at Seabury-Western Theological Seminary in Evanston, IL I sat opposite his grace’s stained glass window for at least three services a day.
We remember him because of the extreme example of the work of the Spirit was done in and through him. He was fully paralyzed expect for minor use of one hand. With that limitation also came, as he said, “patience, otherwise I would never have sat and translated the Scriptures into Mandarin Chinese. And indeed this thing came to pass and we are amazed not for his stamina but for his interpretation of his circumstances. JWS
After the debacle of the Supreme Court hearings in 1991. Senator Byrd said that he had supported Later Justice Thomas until after the testimony of Anita Hill. After hearing the debacle of reopened testimony, Senator Byrd said,
“Sometimes we must choose country over court.”